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Umbrella Cockatoo

Cacatua alba
Conservation Status: 
Tropical rainforest
The Umbrella Cockatoo, also known as the White Cockatoo, is a medium-sized parrot. It derives its common name from the unique appearance of its crest, which resembles an open umbrella when fully extended. Umbrella Cockatoos possess a white crest, and the undersides of their wings and tail display a pale yellow coloration.
Its diet primarily consists of berries, seeds, nuts, fruits, roots, insects, and larvae. They are known for their strong beaks, which they use to crack open nuts and seeds to access the nutritious contents. Their foraging activities play a crucial role in the ecosystem, as they assist in seed dispersal and plant regeneration.
One of the notable characteristics of parrots, including the Umbrella Cockatoo, is their zygodactyl feet. This unusual foot structure, with two toes facing forward and two toes facing backward, allows them to have a firm grip on branches and other surfaces. It enables them to climb, grasp objects, and manipulate food.
Umbrella Cockatoos are highly social birds that exhibit complex social behaviors. They often form large communal nesting groups at the tops of tall trees. These nesting groups can consist of several pairs of breeding adults, non-breeding individuals, and their offspring. Living in such communal arrangements provides advantages in terms of protection, foraging efficiency, and sharing of parenting responsibilities.
Unfortunately, the Umbrella Cockatoo is facing significant conservation challenges. Its habitat, the tropical rainforest, is under constant threat due to deforestation and illegal pet trade. The destruction of their natural habitat has led to a decline in their population and their classification as an endangered species. Despite their preference for the rainforest, they have shown some adaptability and can partially survive in disturbed habitats, including agricultural areas.
Efforts are being made to protect and conserve the Umbrella Cockatoo through habitat preservation and anti-poaching measures.
They have a maximum lifespan of 70 years.