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Orange-Wing Amazon

Amazona amazonica
Conservation Status: 
Least Concern
South America
Lowland forests and semi-open areas

Orange-winged Amazons are predominantly green in color. The wings have three flight feathers with a touch of orange, often forming a circular pattern. The tail feathers have a combination of orange, dark blue, yellow, and green at the tips.

Orange-winged Amazons have a diverse diet consisting of seeds, fruit, and other parts of plants. They can fly long distances in search of food, as the availability of food varies with the seasons. Their foraging behavior may lead them to switch between different habitat types based on what food is available. They are social birds that roost together in large groups after each day of foraging for food.

Breeding occurs in tree cavities, where pairs of Orange-winged Amazons engage in courtship rituals that involve bowing to each other. They lay 3 to 4 white eggs, and the female incubates them for around 26 days.  Chicks are able to leave the nest about 60 days after hatching, though they may stay with the parents for several more months as they learn survival skills.

The Orange-winged Amazon is classified as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. However, their population is experiencing a decline primarily due to habitat destruction and trapping for the pet trade. Since 1981, at least 268,000 individuals have been captured for this purpose. They are also hunted as a food source.

They can live up to 60 years.