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Congo African Grey Parrot

Psittacus erithacus erithacus
Conservation Status: 
Endangered on the IUCN Red List, uplisted in December 2016.
Central Africa
Various types of forest: dry, moist, lowland, mountain, and swamp.
African Greys are highly social birds that nest and travel in large groups, although each family group has its own tree. African Greys typically do not form flocks with other species, which is unusual. The juveniles spend their initial 2 to 3 years learning from older birds, acquiring knowledge about safe and toxic plants, child-rearing, nest defense, and predator avoidance. Vultures and hawks are among their predators. The flock employs contact calls to maintain cohesion and alert others of danger. Their diet comprises nuts, fruits, buds, and leaves.
Greys form lifelong pairs, with each couple selecting a separate tree for their nest. The female occupies a nest hole while the male defends it. Males provide food to the females, and they engage in duets. A clutch typically consists of 2 to 4 eggs, incubated solely by the female for about 30 days, while the male supplies nourishment to his mate. Once the chicks hatch, both parents care for them until they fledge at approximately 12 weeks of age. Subsequently, the young may remain with their parents for 2 to 3 years. A pair may produce two clutches per year.
African Greys were classified as Endangered on the IUCN Red List in December 2016, and their population trend is declining due to illegal pet trade and habitat loss. According to a CITES study, they are the most heavily traded wild bird species. Between 1982 and 2001, over 1.3 million African Greys, including the related Timneh Parrot, were removed from their natural habitats.