You are here

Chaco Chachalaca

Ortalis canicollis
Conservation Status: 
Least Concern
Central parts of South America
Subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.
Chaco Chachalacas forage in forests, searching for plant matter such as fruits, seeds, and flowers. They also consume caterpillars, which can be highly abundant in certain years. They play a crucial role in seed dispersal since the fruit seeds are excreted intact. Seeds ingested by Chachalacas have a higher germination rate compared to regular seeds.
These birds typically forage in groups of up to 30 individuals. They primarily feed at the canopy level of trees, but they can also feed on or near the ground if the undergrowth is not too dense.
During courtship, males display their red throat while strutting and vocalizing to attract females. The female takes on the responsibility of incubating 3 to 4 eggs for approximately 24 days, while the male remains nearby to provide protection. Unfortunately, this species is experiencing a decline in population due to hunting and capture for the pet trade. Additionally, their habitat faces threats from fires, overgrazing, and logging activities.